HUD 232/223(f) Financing

Loans for Acquiring or Refinancing Senior Living and Healthcare Facilities Insured by HUD

The HUD 232 loan is a fantastic way to build or rehabilitate senior living and healthcare properties. However, if you want to acquire such a property as-is, or even refinance a property you currently own with HUD financing, then a HUD 232/223(f) loan would be the best financing vehicle instead. While HUD 232/223(f) loans are specifically tailored for as-is acquisitions and refinancing borrower-owned properties, they are similar to HUD 232 loans in that HUD 232/223(f) loans use HUD LEAN processing and are intended for healthcare properties with 20 or more residents. Plus, these loans are fully assumable (with FHA approval), and are non-recourse.

2021 Sample Terms For HUD 232/223(f) Loans

Size: Minimum loan of $2 million (typical loan averages $7.6 million)

LTV/Leverage:

  • Purchase:
    • Non-profits: The lesser of 90% of the acquisition price or appraised value
    • For-profits: The lesser of 85% of the acquisition price or appraised value
  • Refinance:
    • For-profits: The lesser of 85% of the appraised value or 100% of the cost to refinance
    • Non-profits: The lesser of 90% of appraised value or 100% of the cost to refinance

Term: 35 years, fixed-rate

Amortization: Up to 35 years, fully amortizing

Minimum DSCR: 1.45x

MIP: HUD 232/223(f) MIPs include an MIP fee of 1% of the loan amount, paid at closing, and an annual MIP of 0.65%

Third-Party Reports:

HUD 232/223(f) loans require multiple third-party reports, including:

  • HUD/FHA Approved Full Property Appraisal
  • Borrower/Stakeholder Credit Reports
  • Phase I Environmental Assessment
  • Architectural/Engineering Report
  • Market Study

HUD 232/223(f) Eligible Properties:

In order to be eligible for HUD 232/223(f) financing, a project must:

  • House 20 or more residents
  • Provide ongoing medical care for long-term patients
  • Be licensed by the appropriate municipal or state organization/agency
  • Have been constructed at least three years ago, though newer property additions are allowed, as long as they are smaller than the original structure
  • Have no more than 20% of the project's gross area or gross income devoted to/derived from non-resident daycare
  • Have no more than 25% of all units designated as independent living units
  • Have no more than 20% of the gross floor space filled and no more than 20% of the property's income derived from commercial tenants

Advantages:

  • Low, fixed interest rates
  • Loans are fully assumable (with FHA/HUD approval)
  • HUD 232/223(f) loans are non-recourse, limiting risks for developers

Disadvantages:

  • Borrowers/owners must regularly contribute to a replacement reserve fund
  • FHA application fees of 0.30% of the entire loan amount and FHA inspection fees of 0.50% of the entire loan amount are required
  • Requires both an initial, one-time MIP (mortgage insurance premium) at closing, as well as monthly MIPs throughout the life of the loan